1. Ohayou Gozaimasu/Good Morning- A formal way to greet someone in the morning used for co-workers, strangers, or superior

  2. Ohayou/Morning- For friends and family

  3. Konnichiwa/Hello/Good Afternoon -A fairly formal greeting, and not usually how you greet friends and family used for strangers or formal situations but it is the most standard greeting for hello

  4. Ii Tenki desu ne/Good Weather, huh-(ii) means good and (tenki) means weather. You can change (ii) to whatever word fits the day, but this is the common greeting

  5. Genki desu ka /How are you-Although it’s normal to always greet everyone with “How are you?” in English, it’s not the case in Japanese. Greeting your friends and family with this phrase every time you see them is a bit strange and it’s awkward when said to strangers (often strangers barely nod and say nothing, anyway). This phrase is actually only used when it’s been quite some time since you’ve seen the person

  6. Hisashiburi/Long Time no See -If you haven’t seen someone for some time, then you’ll often be greeted with this term as a good show of follow up

  7. Konbanwa/Good Evening - It’s a formal greeting said in the evening around dinner time

  8. Oyasumi Nasai /Goodnight-It’s a formal greeting said when going to bed

  9. Oyasumi/ Night - Said to someone very close to you

  10. Ja Mata/See You Later - Said when you Expect to see the person again

  11. Ja ne -see you                                          

  12. Sayounara/Goodbye - For situations where you don’t expect to see the person again

  13. O-genki de-Take care

  14. Tadaima/I’m Home - When you arrive home, you announce it with this phrase

  15. Okaeri Nasai/Welcome Home/Welcome back - When someone comes home you welcome then using this phrase. It can also be used to greet a coworker if they’ve returned back to work from somewhere

  16. Shitsurei Shimasu/Please Excuse Me (for Leaving) -When you leave ahead of someone else, you say this as an apology for leaving before them. Especially at work, you always want to say this before leaving because you’re leaving them to finish the work for the day

  17. Otsukaresama Deshita/You Must Be Tired/ Thanks for Your Hard Work -You say this in reply to (please excuse me for leaving) as a thank you for their hard work that day, but it can be used in many other situations. Any time anyone works hard, you can say this to acknowledge their hard work like a child who did well and finished their homework. You can also use it as a greeting when someone returns from a hard task

  18. Ittekimasu /I’m Going - Say this to family at home, friends, or co-workers to announce you’re heading out.

  19. Itterasshai /Go and Come Back- In reply to (I’m going), you say this as a way of saying, “Be careful!” or “Okay, take care” and lets them know you’ll see them when they get back      

Esther Waliaula